Organogram - Organizational Planning and Management

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In this article, we will explore organograms, how they contribute to organizational planning and management, and how to construct an effective organogram for your organization.

What is an organogram? (organizational chart)

An organogram (org chart) represents an organizational chart, showcasing the hierarchy and relationships between positions, departments, and employees. It typically includes boxes or circles representing positions or roles and lines indicating the reporting lines or lines of authority. 

Organograms can be simple, showing only the top-level hierarchy, or complex, including detailed information about different levels of management, departments, and sub-units within an organization.

How does an organogram help in organizational planning and management?

Organograms play a critical role in organizational planning and management in several ways:

Visualizing Structure

Organograms provide a clear visual representation of an organization's structure, making it easier for employees to understand the reporting lines(who they are directly responsible to), roles, and relationships within the organization. This helps avoid confusion, streamline communication, and ensure smooth workflow and coordination.

Strategic Decision-Making

Organograms assist in strategic decision-making by providing insights into the organization's distribution of responsibilities and authority. It helps managers identify areas needing restructuring, realignment, or resource allocation and ensures that the right people are in the right roles, maximizing operational efficiency.

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Identifying Talent

Organograms can help identify talent within an organization by clearly outlining the roles and responsibilities of each position. This helps identify potential leaders, recognize areas of expertise, and facilitate succession planning.

Enhancing Communication

Organograms facilitate effective communication by visually representing the chain of command and reporting lines. It helps employees understand who they report to, their peers, and their subordinates, enabling smooth communication and coordination across the organization.

Cross-Functional Teams

Organograms also facilitate forming and managing cross-functional teams within an organization. By visually representing the different departments, roles, and responsibilities, organograms can help identify potential team members from different functional areas, creating a platform for interdisciplinary collaboration.

Staff Directory

Organograms can serve as a comprehensive and user-friendly staff directory. Organograms can serve as a quick reference guide for locating and connecting with colleagues across different departments or levels by including the employees' names, positions, and contact information. 

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How to build organograms?


Constructing an effective organogram involves several steps:

  • Identify the Purpose: Clearly define the purpose and scope of the organogram. Decide what information you want to convey and what detail is required.

  • Gather Information: Collect information about the organization's structure, including positions, roles, departments, reporting lines, and relationships.

  • Choose the Format: Decide on the format and layout of the organogram that best suits your organization's needs. Common formats include hierarchical, matrix, and functional.

  • Create the Chart: Using specialized software or drawing tools such as google sheets, create the organogram, including boxes or circles representing positions, lines indicating the reporting lines, and labels for each position.

  • Review and Update: Review the organogram periodically to ensure accuracy and update it as the organization's structure changes or new positions are added.


Organograms are invaluable organizational planning and management tools, visually representing a company or organization's structure and facilitating effective decision-making, communication, and talent management.

By effectively constructing and utilizing organization charts, organizations can optimize their structure, enhance coordination, and achieve their strategic goals efficiently and effectively.

Rinaily Bonifacio

Written by:

Rinaily Bonifacio

Rinaily is a renowned expert in the field of human resources with years of industry experience. With a passion for writing high-quality HR content, Rinaily brings a unique perspective to the challenges and opportunities of the modern workplace. As an experienced HR professional and content writer, She has contributed to leading publications in the field of HR.


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