What is Statutory Redundancy Pay? A Guide for UK Employers
Written by: Carin Vreede
Last updated: 21 November 2023
Table of contents
What is redundancy pay?
Redundancy pay is employees' compensation when they are terminated from their employer's organization. It is ideal for organizations to always have all their employees on hand - hiring, training, and retaining new employees are substantial investments.
The possibility of role redundancy may also result from external factors, such as company restructuring, job obsolescence, a merger or transfer of ownership, relocation, or a recession.
An employee made redundant after working continuously for their employer for at least two years is entitled to statutory redundancy payments. Likewise, statutory redundancy pay applies to fixed-term contracts that are not renewed after two years.
Your employer should pay to claim statutory redundancy pay automatically, so you are not required to claim it. It might be a good idea to ask your employer about your employment status if you need clarification.
Statutory Redundancy VS Contractual Redundancy
There are two types of redundancy pay: statutory and contractual.
According to the law, you are entitled to statutory redundancy. It must be paid to you if you've been employed for two years continuously and there's a genuine reason to terminate your employment.
A contractual redundancy occurs if your employer fails to renew a fixed-term contract for more than two years. Additionally, it will be eligible for this treatment if several shorter contracts follow each other.
Some circumstances can prevent you from receiving redundancy pay, even if you meet the criteria. You can experience this if you accept a job offer from your employer with a valid reason or switch jobs before your current one ends. Redundancy rights may also be lost in the event of a fire.
There are several reasons why you won't be entitled to redundancy pay, including the fact that you need to work for at least two years to qualify. There are four types of self-employment on the list: self-employment, service as an officer in the armed forces, Crown servants, parliamentary employees, and public officials. Employees of foreign governments or domestic workers for their own families cannot apply.
How does redundancy pay work?
Your redundancy pay should be transferred directly to your bank account, as you would your wages. You should also have a clear written statement explaining exactly how you were calculated for redundancy.
It is possible to take legal action if your employer fails to pay your redundancy settlement.
The first step is to write a letter explaining what you feel you're owed to your former employer, along with proof to support your claim. You may also be able to contact ACAS (the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service), which gives independent advice in employment disputes.
An ACAS case manager will determine whether a dispute can be settled without going to a full tribunal. It may be necessary to go to a tribunal if this doesn't resolve the issue. However, it should only be considered a last resort since it can be extremely stressful and expensive. It would help if you talked to the Citizens Advice office in your local area before taking this step forward.
Who can get statutory redundancy pay UK?
Redundancy pay is owed to you if:
Working for the same employer for at least two years
Redundancies were necessary at your workplace, and you lost your job as a result
Statutory redundancy pay is available only to employees.
The contract or the employer may say you are self-employed, but you are an employee. For example, you might not be an employee if you work for an agency or aren't guaranteed employment.
How much statutory redundancy is pay in UK?
Your employees' length of service, weekly pay, and age will determine the minimum redundancy pay. Your employees may still be made redundant after April 6 2021, with £544 weekly compensation and a maximum statutory redundancy pay of £16,320.
Employees entitled to these benefits have the right to:
A half-week's pay is paid for every year the employee stays under 22.
The employee received one week's pay every year between the ages of 22 and 41.
A half-week's pay is accrued for every year an employee turns 41.
How to work out redundancy pay
The amount of redundancy pay you receive depends on the following:
- Your age
- Working for your employer for how long
The contract might guarantee more than the minimum ('statutory').
There is a tax-free cap of £30,000 on redundancy pay.
If you decline an offer of a suitable alternative job from your employer, you will not be eligible for statutory redundancy pay.
Redundancy pay is based on the following:
A person's weekly pay before tax (gross pay)
Your number of years of continuous employment with your employer ('continued employment)
Weekly pay should also include the following:
Your employer must offer, and you must work regular overtime as provided in your contract
Payouts or bonuses in commissions
From the ages of 17 to 21
After every full year of employment, half a week's pay must be paid to you.
From 22 to 40 years old
Employers must provide you with the following:
A week's pay per year from age 22 onwards
One-half of a week's pay for each full year that you worked before
You must be 41 years or older.
Employers must provide you with the following:
The pay you receive for each full year you work from age 41 onwards is 1.5 weeks
A week's pay for every year you worked between the ages of 22 and 40
If you worked between 17 and 21 years, you would receive half a week's pay
It is your employer's responsibility to explain the amount of redundancy pay in writing. To use the calculator, you will need your weekly take-home pay (before tax and other deductions).
Useful Read: UK Tax Deductions: The Employer's Guide
Working out redundancy pay when you are paid in lieu of notice
When you quit work immediately but still get paid for your notice period, you are called a payment in lieu of notice (PILON).
It would help if you worked out redundancy pay based on your employer's 'relevant date' when working out your tenure. If you had received PILON, your employment would end on the date you worked for the remainder of your statutory notice period.
The redundancy payment calculation is based on how long you worked for your employer.
With years of experience in the HR field, Carin has a lot of experience with HR processes. As a content marketer, she translates this knowledge into engaging and informative content that helps companies optimize their HR processes and motivate and develop their employees.
Please note that the information on our website is intended for general informational purposes and not as binding advice. The information on our website cannot be considered a substitute for legal and binding advice for any specific situation. While we strive to provide up-to-date and accurate information, we do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of the information on our website for any purpose. We are not liable for any damage or loss arising from the use of the information on our website.
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