Working night shift

working night shift

Are you considering taking up a night shift job? You're not alone! Increased demand for evening and weekend services in traditionally 9-5 roles has led to the rise of night shifts.

It can be daunting to transition from day shifts or leave your comfort zone, though. In this blog post, we'll take you through some essential tips for the best approach to working the night shift.

Let's dive into everything there is to know about working the night shift!

What is a night shift?

Working hours between 11 pm and 6 am are considered a night shift, regardless of the length or pattern of working time.

Working at this hour offers employees an attractive shift differential, providing them with a higher pay rate.

In which industries are night shifts most common?

Night shifts are popular in industries that need 24-hour operations, like healthcare, hospitality, and security. It's also common for working parents who prefer to have the day free to spend with their family.

Emergency services

To ensure optimal safety and comfort for the community, emergency services must be accessible around-the-clock; hence, a night shift is necessary.

Doctors, nurses, emergency medical technicians, police officers, and firefighters must be on standby 24/7 to provide vital services.


The news is always active, and the individuals that deliver it have no time to rest. Most media companies maintain night shifts to report on any developing stories swiftly.

The public relies heavily on these sources of information to make informed decisions or take necessary action promptly.

Customer service

To ensure customer satisfaction, many businesses prioritize 24/7 support. When customers require assistance at any time of day or night, dedicated individuals on the night shift work tirelessly to address their queries.

This round-the-clock dedication allows companies to create loyal relationships with customers and better retain them.


The travel industry has opened up many opportunities to assist overnight travelers, along with mail and parcel services that now offer lightning-fast delivery speeds.

From airlines and trains to buses, taxis, and truck drivers - countless people are essential for the smooth operation of transportation services at all hours, often working night shifts.

Retail workers

Retail has become a round-the-clock industry, accommodating customers at any hour. Whether working in grocery stores, restocking shelves, or at convenience stores for late-night cravings, retail workers often take up the night shift.

Laws regarding night shifts

Maximum hours

Unless an employee chooses to override it, the 48-hour maximum weekly working hours rule remains in effect for night shift work. This regulation ensures that employees don't exceed a safe and healthy amount of labor each week.

According to the law, night workers are limited from working more than a daily average of eight hours in any 24 hours.

Age limit

Employers are not allowed to employ workers under 18 to work night shifts, regardless of their working pattern.

Those aged between 18 and 21 may only work a maximum of eight hours in one shift and cannot work more than seven consecutive nights.

Pay rate

Those working night shifts are entitled to a higher pay rate for working these unsociable hours in the form of an additional allowance or time-and-a-half (or double time).

Common reasons for working night shifts

Night shifts are increasingly popular for working professionals and students for various reasons. Some of the more common reasons for working night shifts include the following:

  • Increased pay rate: As mentioned earlier, working night shifts is accompanied by an additional allowance or higher pay rate.
  • Flexible scheduling: If you're working a full-time job during the day and need extra hours to make ends meet, working night shifts can be convenient as it allows you to choose when you work around your day job.
  • Fewer distractions and disruptions: Overnight work can provide an ideal environment for productivity due to decreased distractions from visitors, phone calls, and the like. Although this doesn't mean working the night shift is dull or slow-paced, it does offer a peaceful setting that allows workers to concentrate better on their tasks.
  • Increased job security: Night shifts provide greater job security since fewer people are working then, and businesses need people to fill the shift gap. So it's a win-win situation for everyone!

Process of night shifts

Given the working hours, employers should consider how they will require employees to work night shifts and ensure they comply with all applicable laws.

  1. Provide notice: Employers must provide a Notice of working hours in advance. This will usually be done by providing a working schedule or roster that outlines which employee is working when and for how long.
  2. Allow breaks: Night shifts are usually longer than working shifts during the day, meaning employees may need more breaks to stay alert and productive. Employers need to factor in rest breaks for their night shift workers.
  3. Ensure compliance with laws: Employers should comply with all applicable laws regarding working night shifts, including the age limit and maximum working hours.
  4. Restrict overtime: Employers should also set rules to ensure that employees working the night shift do not work Overtime to minimize fatigue and burnout.

How do companies benefit from night shifts?

Extended working hours

Companies benefit from night shifts by having dedicated employees to provide essential services during the evening and overnight. This allows them to extend their working hours beyond 9-5, providing additional services and allowing them to remain competitive in the market.

Increased productivity

Having dedicated employees working the night shift can increase productivity for companies, allowing them to have more working hours in a day. This helps them get work done faster, and with fewer staff working at night, there are no distractions or delays that could disrupt workflow.

Cost savings

By having dedicated employees working the night shift, companies can save on costs by not having to hire additional staff for day shifts and running fewer shifts overall. This is a great way for businesses to increase their profitability without compromising on the quality of work.

More diverse service offerings

Companies that run night shifts can offer more diverse services, like working through the night to fulfill orders. This helps them stay ahead of their competition and ensures they are meeting the needs of their customers.

Effects of working night shifts

Disturbs with natural sleep circadian rhythms

Sleep is a vital component of good health, as it allows your body to eliminate toxins, repair injury, and reduce stress. Working at night, however, disrupts these restorative processes resulting in an array of disorders.

Health risks

Working night shifts increases the risk of developing various health problems, including obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Studies have also found that working at night raises the risk of mental health issues such as depression and anxiety.

Relationship problems

One major side effect of working night shifts is the difficulty in maintaining relationships. Working at night means working during the day when people are usually off work and socializing, so it can be hard to keep up with your friends and family when working this type of shift. So you can enjoy daytime sleep!

Increases risk of depression

Having to work during the night, when most people are sleeping and resting, can lead to feelings of isolation and alienation. This can lead to an increased risk of depression, as working in this environment can leave one feeling lonely and disconnected.

Increases risk of workplace injury

Working night shifts also increases the risk of workplace injuries, as working in low light or darkness can affect your ability to see potential hazards, leading to an increased risk of accidents. Furthermore, working at night when you're tired can result in slower reaction times and impaired judgment.

6 ways to cope up with working night shifts

Manage sleep patterns efficiently

Here are some tips for managing your sleep:

  • Do not delay going to bed: Procrastinating sleep can only lead to increased alertness and wakefulness.
  • Dedicate time to sleep: Schedule between 7 and 9 hours to get the rest you need after your night shift. Use sleep mask for better sleep.
  • Maintain a routine: Try to stick to the same bedtime and wake-up time every day, even on days off.
  • Avoid working two consecutive night shifts: Working two nights in a row can increase fatigue levels, leading to an increased risk of accidents and errors.
  • Stay hydrated and eat healthy meals: Staying hydrated and eating healthy meals can help you maintain your energy levels and stay alert during working hours.
  • Exercise: Regular exercise can help manage stress, improve sleep quality and keep you energized.
  • Take regular breaks: Regular breaks during working hours can help you get some rest, even if it's just a few minutes.

2. Monitor diet

By carefully mapping out your meals, you can stay alert during the day and have a more peaceful night's sleep.

Here is how you can monitor your diet efficiently:

  • Eat little and often: Eating frequent light meals and nutritious snacks throughout the day can help you stay energized and avoid feeling sluggish from larger, heavier meals.
  • Avoid caffeine: Caffeine can stimulate the body and make it harder to fall asleep.
  • Keep it light and healthy: Eating nutritious meals is essential for achieving a balanced diet that will keep you going throughout your working hours. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins are all great options to help you stay alert.
  • Stay Hydrated: Staying hydrated throughout the day is essential to manage working night shifts. Drinking plenty of water will help you stay alert and energized while avoiding dehydration.

3. Create a positive environment

Creating a positive working environment is essential to maintaining good working relationships and productivity. Here are some tips:

  • Organize social gatherings: Organising regular social events, such as team lunches, or dinners, can help foster working relationships and reduce the sense of isolation that working night shifts can bring.
  • Communicate effectively: Communication is key to working well as a team. Make sure to coordinate tasks and responsibilities with your colleagues so everyone's working in the same direction.
  • Encourage positive thinking: Focus on the positives of working night shifts, such as having more free time during the day or working in a quieter environment.

4. Utilise technology

Utilizing technology can help you to stay connected and productive throughout working hours. Here are some tips:

  • Use online communication tools: Use video conferencing for team meetings and webinars for training sessions, so everyone can easily join in from different locations.
  • Use productivity apps: Download helpful applications that allow you to track working progress, manage tasks efficiently and even sleep better at night.

5. Get support from colleagues

Having a positive working environment is essential in keeping morale high. Make sure to get support from your colleagues when working night shifts by sharing experiences and encouraging each other during working hours.

6. Listen to your body

Pay attention to how your body feels so you can adjust your working hours accordingly. Here are some tips:

  • Pay attention to signs of fatigue: If you start feeling tired, find a comfortable place for a brief nap or take a break and have something to eat or drink.
  • Stay active: Engage in regular physical activity when possible, as it can help to reduce stress and improve your energy levels.

By following these tips, working night shifts can become a more manageable and enjoyable experience. Remember to look after yourself and take regular breaks to stay energized throughout working hours.

Should you opt for a night shifts?

Working night shifts can be physically and mentally demanding. However, working night shifts is not for everyone, and it's important to think carefully before you decide to take on this type of working hours.

You must consider the following points before deciding on a night shift:

  • Your working environment: Consider how working night shifts will affect your working relationships.
  • Your family life: Make sure you have the support of your family and friends if you plan to work nights.
  • Your health: Working night shifts can affect your physical and mental health, but making healthy lifestyle changes can help alleviate some of the negative effects.
  • Your finances: Depending on the working hours you choose, working night shifts may impact your bank balance more than working during the day.
  • Your lifestyle: Working night shifts may require you to change your sleeping and eating habits, as well as the impact on social activities and hobbies.

Making a decision should never be rushed, and weighing up all of these points before making a final decision is important.


Working night shifts can present several challenges, but if you are well-prepared and follow the tips provided in this article, working night shifts can be managed effectively.

Remember to look after your physical and mental health and maintain working relationships with colleagues.

Ultimately, it's important to make sure working these hours is right for you and your lifestyle.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • The two most common types of night shifts are working overnight (from 8 pm to 8 am) and working 11-hour shifts from 7.30 pm to 6.30 am or 4.30 pm to 3.30 am, depending on the company's needs.

  • Night shifts usually range from 8 to 12 hours, although the working hours can vary depending on the company and type of job.

  • The main benefit of working night shifts is that it allows you to have more flexibility around working hours and working days. It also often comes with higher pay than working day shifts.