Effective Coaching Models to Help Your Clients Grow
Written by: Carin Vreede
Last updated: 3 May 2023
Table of contents
What are coaching models?
Coaching models are structured approaches or frameworks designed to guide coaches through the coaching process, helping them effectively support their clients in achieving personal satisfaction and desired outcomes. These models provide a foundation for coaching sessions, ensuring that coaches employ the necessary coaching skills and techniques to facilitate growth and development in their clients.
The importance of coaching models for organisations and teams
Coaching models play a vital role in the success of organizations and teams, providing a structured approach for managers, team leaders, and professional coaches to effectively guide their team members towards desired outcomes. By utilizing these models, organizations can ensure that their coaching interventions are focused, consistent, and aligned with the overall goals of the company.
Some of the key benefits of using coaching models for organizations and teams include:
Improved Performance: Through coaching sessions, team members can develop the skills needed to enhance their performance, ultimately contributing to the organization's overall success.
Enhanced Communication: Coaching models, such as the GROW model and OSCAR coaching model, emphasize active listening and open coaching conversations, fostering an environment where team members feel heard and understood.
Increased Engagement and Motivation: Effective coaching models encourage team members to take ownership of their growth and development, fostering a sense of personal satisfaction and self-motivation. This, in turn, leads to increased engagement and commitment to their work.
Development of a Growth Mindset: By utilizing coaching models that promote self-reflection and continuous improvement, organizations can instill a growth mindset in their teams, encouraging them to embrace challenges and learn from setbacks.
Stronger Team Dynamics: Coaching models facilitate team coaching, helping leaders address team coaching pitfalls and improve overall team dynamics. This results in better collaboration, increased trust, and a more cohesive working environment.
Retention and Talent Development: Effective coaching models provide a framework for nurturing talent within the organization. By investing in the growth and development of team members, companies can improve employee retention and build a strong internal talent pool.
Adaptability and Resilience: Coaching models, such as the CLEAR coaching model, enable teams to develop the skills necessary to adapt to change, overcome obstacles, and build resilience in the face of challenges.
By incorporating coaching models into their organizational strategies, companies can unlock the full potential of their teams and create a culture of continuous improvement, ultimately leading to long-term success and growth. As you explore different coaching models and methodologies, consider how they can be adapted to fit the unique needs and objectives of your organization and team.
What are the most effective coaching models and methodologies?
In this comprehensive guide, we've gathered what we believe to be the most effective coaching models and methodologies to help you elevate your coaching skills and transform your coaching sessions. We'll take an in-depth look at four popular coaching frameworks that have been widely embraced in the world of coaching:
GROW: Commonly referred to as the G.R.O.W. Coaching Model, this approach has proven successful in various coaching scenarios, including life coaching models and workplace coaching.
- CLEAR: Referred to as the C.L.E.A.R. Coaching Model, this approach emphasizes simplifying workplace coaching and enhancing team coaching while avoiding common pitfalls.
STEPPA: Also known as the S.T.E.P.P.A. Coaching Model, this method offers a practical framework for coaching individuals and exploring options to achieve desired outcomes.
OSKAR: Known by several names, including the O.S.K.A.R. Coaching Model, the OSCAR Coaching Model, and solution-focused coaching, this model helps coaches effectively address both internal and external obstacles.
- FUEL: This coaching model is a structured approach to conducting coaching conversations. By emphasizing the importance of framing the conversation, active listening, and collaborative exploration, the FUEL model fosters a supportive and engaging coaching relationship.
- WOOP: This coaching model integrates two core techniques: mental contrasting and implementation intentions. It has proven effective in improving goal attainment, self-regulation, and overall well-being.
By utilizing these coaching models, you'll be well-equipped to provide one-to-one coaching, group coaching sessions, and even address team coaching challenges.
Overview of the GROW Coaching Model
The GROW coaching model is a widely used framework for structuring coaching and mentoring sessions. It was developed by Sir John Whitmore, a leading figure in the field of coaching, and his colleagues. The acronym GROW stands:
- Will (or Way Forward)
Applying the GROW Model
- Goal: Define the desired outcome, ensuring it's specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound (SMART). Define the desired outcome and clarify the purpose of the coaching session.
- Reality: Assess the current situation including strengths, weaknesses and available resources. Explore the individuals' awareness of their situation and any external factors influencing it.
- Options: Generate a list of possible actions, strategies, or solutions to achieve the goal. Encourage creative thinking and help the individual evaluate the pros and cons of each option
- Will ( or Way Forward): Decide on the best course of action and commit to implementing it through a detailed action plan. Set deadlines, milestones and follow-up sessions to review progress and ensure accountability.
The GROW model provides a structured and systematic approach to coaching, enabling both coach and coachee to focus on specific goals and develop actionable plans. It is widely used in professional settings, such as business, sports, and education, to facilitate personal and professional growth.
One of the key strengths of the GROW model is its flexibility. It can be adapted to various coaching styles and situations, providing a general framework that can be tailored to the individual's needs. By guiding individuals through a process of goal-setting, self-assessment, and action planning, the GROW model fosters self-awareness, decision-making, and personal development.
Overview of the STEPPA Coaching Model
The STEPPA coaching model is a structured framework for guiding coaching and mentoring sessions. Developed by Angus McLeod in the late 1990s, the acronym STEPPA stands for
Applying the STEPPA Model
- Subject: Identify the topic or issue to be addressed during the coaching session. Clarify the coachee's needs and concerns.
- Target: Establish a specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goal. Define the desired outcome and the purpose of the coaching session.
- Emotion: Explore the emotions associated with the subject and target, both positive and negative. Encourage the coachee to express their feelings and recognize the impact of emotions on their goals.
- Perception: Investigate the coachee's beliefs, assumptions, and perspectives related to the subject and target. Help the coachee develop self-awareness and gain insights into their mindset and how it may influence their actions.
- Plan: Generate and evaluate potential strategies, solutions, or actions to achieve the target. Assist the coachee in selecting the most appropriate course of action.
- Pace: Determine the pace at which the coachee will implement the action plan. Set realistic deadlines, milestones, and follow-up sessions to review progress.
- Action: Ensure the coachee is committed to taking the agreed-upon actions. Confirm their understanding of the steps required and their willingness to be held accountable.
The STEPPA model provides a comprehensive and flexible framework for coaching sessions, suitable for a wide range of contexts and situations, including personal and professional development. By incorporating emotional and perceptual elements, the STEPPA model fosters self-awareness, empathy, and adaptability, enabling coachees to effectively manage their emotions and challenge their beliefs in order to achieve their goals.
Similar to the GROW and CLEAR models, the STEPPA model guides individuals through a process of goal-setting, self-assessment, and action planning. However, the STEPPA model places a greater emphasis on the emotional and perceptual aspects of the coaching process, which can lead to deeper personal growth and a more profound understanding of the individual's motivations and barriers.
Overview of the CLEAR Model
The CLEAR coaching model is another framework for structuring coaching and mentoring sessions. Developed by Peter Hawkins in the 1980s, the acronym CLEAR stands for:
Applying the CLEAR Model
Contracting: Establish the coaching relationship, set expectations, and agree on the roles and responsibilities of the coach and coachee, as well as the sessions' confidentiality.
Listening: Actively listen to the coachee, ensuring a deep understanding of their perspectives and experiences. Create an open and trusting environment for the coachee to express themselves freely.
Exploring: Investigate the coachee's current situation, uncovering their strengths weaknesses, and any barriers to challenges they many be facing
Action: Collaborate on developing an action plan, with specific steps and timelines for achieving the desired outcome.
Review: Reflect on the coaching process, evaluating progress, learning, and making adjustments as needed. Provide feedback, celebrate successes and identify areas for further growth and development.
The CLEAR model offers a flexible and adaptable framework for coaching sessions, making it suitable for a wide range of contexts, including personal, professional, and organizational development. By emphasizing the importance of contracting, listening, and reviewing, the CLEAR model fosters a collaborative and reflective coaching relationship.
Similar to the GROW model, the CLEAR model encourages self-awareness, decision-making, and personal development through a structured process. However, the CLEAR model places a greater emphasis on the initial contracting stage and ongoing review, which helps ensure alignment between the coach and coachee throughout the coaching process.
Overview of the OSKAR Model
The OSKAR coaching model is a solution-focused framework for guiding coaching and mentoring sessions developed by Mark McKergow and Paul Z. Jackson as part of their work in solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT). The acronym OSKAR stands for
- Affirm and Action
Applying the OSKAR Model
Outcome: Establish a specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goal. Define the desired outcome and clarify the purpose of the coaching session.
Scaling: Use a scale (typically from 1 to 10) to assess the coachee's current situation, progress, and confidence regarding the goal. Encourage reflection on what has already been achieved and what can be improved.
Know-How: Identify the coachee's strengths, resources, and past experiences that can contribute to achieving the desired outcome. Help the coachee recognize their own capabilities and build self-confidence.
Affirm and Action: Affirm the coachee's strengths and accomplishments, promoting a positive mindset. Develop and evaluate potential strategies, solutions, or actions to achieve the desired outcome. Encourage the coachee to commit to specific, achievable actions.
Review: Assess progress made towards the goal and the effectiveness of the implemented actions. Provide feedback, celebrate successes, and identify areas for further growth and development.
The OSKAR model offers a flexible and adaptable framework for coaching sessions, with a strong focus on solutions rather than problems. By emphasizing the coachee's strengths, resources, and past successes, the OSKAR model encourages a positive approach to personal and professional development.
Similar to other coaching models like GROW, CLEAR, and STEPPA, the OSKAR model guides individuals through a process of goal-setting, self-assessment, and action planning. However, the OSKAR model's solution-focused approach distinguishes it from other models, as it emphasizes the coachee's existing capabilities and potential for success, fostering a more optimistic and resilient mindset.
Overview of the FUEL Model
The FUEL coaching model is a structured approach to conducting coaching conversations that was developed by the global consulting firm, The Ken Blanchard Companies. The acronym FUEL stands for:
- Frame the Conversation
- Understand the Current State
- Explore the Desired State
- Lay Out a Success Plan
Applying the FUEL Model
Frame the Conversation: Set the context, purpose, and desired outcomes of the coaching session.
Understand the Current State: Actively listen to the coachee's thoughts, feelings, and concerns related to the topic. Ask open-ended questions to gather information, promote reflection, and encourage deeper understanding.
Explore the Desired State: Collaboratively generate and evaluate potential strategies, solutions, or actions for achieving the desired outcomes. Support the coachee in identifying obstacles, resources, and opportunities related to their goal.
Lay Out a Success Plan: Help the coachee commit to a specific action plan, including clear steps, deadlines, and follow-up sessions. Encourage accountability by confirming the coachee's understanding of the plan and their willingness to take the agreed-upon actions.
The FUEL model offers a flexible and adaptable framework for coaching conversations, making it suitable for various contexts, such as personal, professional, and organizational development. By emphasizing the importance of framing the conversation, active listening, and collaborative exploration, the FUEL model fosters a supportive and engaging coaching relationship.
Similar to other coaching models like GROW, CLEAR, and STEPPA, the FUEL model guides individuals through a process of goal-setting, self-assessment, and action planning. However, the FUEL model places a strong emphasis on the initial framing stage and active listening, which helps create a solid foundation for effective coaching conversations and strengthens the rapport between the coach and coachee.
Overview of the WOOP Model
The WOOP coaching model was developed by psychologist Gabriele Oettingen, building upon her extensive research on motivation, goal-setting, and mental contrasting. WOOP is an acronym for:
The model integrates two core techniques: mental contrasting and implementation intentions.
Mental contrasting involves reflecting on the desired future outcome and comparing it with the current reality, including any obstacles that might stand in the way. This technique helps create a sense of urgency, as it highlights the gap between the present state and the desired outcome, thereby increasing motivation.
Implementation intentions, on the other hand, involve creating an "if-then" plan that specifies the actions to be taken when encountering obstacles. This approach helps individuals develop a proactive mindset, making it easier to deal with challenges and stay committed to their goals.
Applying the WOOP Model
Wish: Identify a specific, realistic and meaningful goal. Make sure that the goal is challenging, yet achievable.
Outcome: Visualize the desired outcome or benefits of achieving the goal. Strengthen motivation by focusing on positive emotions related to the outcome.
Obstacle: Identify internal or external barriers that might hinder goal achievement. Reflect on pas experiences and personal tendencies that could create obstacles.
Plan: Develop an actionable plan or "if-then" strategy to address the identifies obstacles. Breakdown the goal into smaller, manageable tasks. Set deadlines and milestones to track progress and maintain motivation.
The Power of Diagrams in Coaching Models
Visual representations, such as diagrams, can significantly enhance the understanding and application of coaching models. Diagrams can simplify complex concepts, making them more accessible and easier to remember. Mermaid syntax, a powerful markdown language, is an excellent tool for creating diagrams to illustrate coaching models.
Employee scheduling and Time-tracking software!
- Easy Employee scheduling
- Clear time-tracking
- Simple absence management
How To Measure Coaching Style Success
Measuring the success of a coaching style is crucial for coaches, organizations, and teams to determine the effectiveness of their coaching interventions and make informed decisions about future coaching sessions. Here are some key indicators and methods to measure coaching style success, incorporating relevant keywords from the list provided earlier:
Goal Achievement: Evaluate the extent to which clients or team members have achieved their goals, both short-term and long-term. Using the SMART goal framework can help in setting specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound objectives, making it easier to assess progress.
Improved Performance: Track improvements in performance, whether it's related to workplace coaching, team coaching, or individual coaching sessions. Look for quantitative indicators, such as increased productivity, sales, or customer satisfaction, as well as qualitative measures like enhanced communication, collaboration, or problem-solving skills.
Personal Satisfaction: Assess the level of personal satisfaction experienced by clients or team members throughout the coaching process. This can be measured through feedback surveys, self-reflection exercises, or one-to-one conversations, exploring aspects such as emotional connection, self-motivation, and personal growth.
Overcoming Obstacles: Determine the extent to which clients or team members have overcome internal and external obstacles, as a result of the coaching sessions. This may involve examining changes in mindset, the development of new coping strategies, or the ability to navigate challenging situations more effectively.
Skill Development: Evaluate the acquisition and improvement of coaching skills among clients or team members. This can include active listening, goal setting, emotional intelligence, and other essential skills needed for personal and professional growth.
Client Retention and Referrals: In the context of a coaching business, client retention and referrals serve as strong indicators of coaching style success. High retention rates and positive referrals suggest that clients are benefiting from the coaching sessions and are likely to continue engaging with the coach.
Adaptability and Resilience: Assess the clients' or team members' ability to adapt to change and build resilience in response to challenges. This can be measured by observing their reactions to setbacks, willingness to learn from mistakes, and capacity to bounce back and move forward.
Feedback and Testimonials: Gather feedback from clients or team members and encourage them to share their experiences through testimonials. This can provide valuable insights into the effectiveness of your coaching style and areas for improvement.
By monitoring these success indicators, coaches can continually refine their coaching models and techniques to ensure they are effectively addressing clients' needs and driving desired outcomes. This iterative process will contribute to the ongoing development of a coaching mindset and the overall success of both the coaching sessions and the individuals involved.
With years of experience in the HR field, Carin has a lot of experience with HR processes. As a content marketer, she translates this knowledge into engaging and informative content that helps companies optimize their HR processes and motivate and develop their employees.
Please note that the information on our website is intended for general informational purposes and not as binding advice. The information on our website cannot be considered a substitute for legal and binding advice for any specific situation. While we strive to provide up-to-date and accurate information, we do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of the information on our website for any purpose. We are not liable for any damage or loss arising from the use of the information on our website.
Save time and money
Workforce management software from ShiftbaseTry for free